Ten individual properties and Cleveland Park were identified in a recently completed historic resources survey by the city of Greenville as eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.
The city had hired a consultant, WLA Studio, to identify historically significant properties citywide, especially in the West End, Village of West Greenville, the Sullivan community, the Cleveland Park area, Nicholtown, North Main, Augusta Road, Sherwood Forest, and Parkins Mill.
The consultants toured the nine focus areas of the city on foot last summer looking for properties built before 1975 that could qualify as historic properties based on architectural style, features, and historic significance such as who lived there or events that happened there.
The survey, which was the third the city has conducted since 1981, does not automatically list a property on a national or local historic register, but it can be the first step. Historic designation of any property the consultant deemed eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places requires a separate public process.
Properties that are listed in the National Register are eligible for preservation tax credits and grants. Cities may also adopt historic preservation zoning for properties of historic or architectural significance. In those historic preservation districts, property owners must receive approval before they can build, demolish, or alter properties. Greenville currently has seven historic districts.
WLA Studio identified four potential local historic overlay districts — the Woodfin area off Augusta Street, the Stone Academy area, the area near Buist Circle that includes the Peace House and the Temple of Israel, and the Eastover district in Nicholtown.
Woodfin is in the greater Sullivan neighborhood and represents early 20th-century construction. The 200 block is representative of one of the earliest residential development plans. It is predominantly bungalow and frame houses with Craftsman stylistic elements.
Click on the map below to view the properties:
The Stone area includes houses built in the 1930s and 1940s in the English Vernacular style and Craftsman styles near Stone Academy.
Buist Circle, which is in the Stone Academy neighborhood, was built in 1925 as a residential development and includes the B.H. Peace House and the Temple of Israel. The neighborhood may also contain one of the oldest structures in Greenville, the Elias Earle House, which was moved and significantly altered by former owners. The earliest homes in the neighborhood are in the Colonial Revivalist style, while later homes are in minimal traditionalist.
The Eastover district is in the Nicholtown neighborhood, and G.B. Lee built the subdivision’s earliest houses of stone along Beechwood Avenue and Arden Street. The district is a collection of Craftsman-style bungalows, many of which retain original materials and design qualities.
Ginny Stroud, the city’s community development administrator, said 1,600 properties were surveyed.
She said the city would update its protected structures list. If owners of property on the list want to demolish the structure, they are required to post the property for 30 days to give others a chance to try to move it or salvage its architectural features, Stroud said. Stroud said about 340 properties will be added to the approximately 700 already on the protected structures list.
The city will notify National Register-eligible property owners.
Any local historic overlay district designation would have to be approved by City Council. Residents in a local historic overlay district must get approval for any demolition, new construction, addition, or alteration of exterior architectural features. Each historic district has its own design guidelines. The Heritage Historic District was the last one formed, in 2001.